By now you must be aware that you can travel to Spiti Valley via Manali or you can take the route to Spiti from Kinnaur Valley. In the last article of the series “Comprehensive Travel Guide to Spiti Valley,” we talked about how to plan a journey on the road to Spiti Valley via Kinnaur Valley OR Hindustan – Tibet Highway. In this article, I will talk in detail about the other road to Spiti Valley which goes via Manali.
Traveling to Spiti from Manali to Kaza route is one of a kind of an adventure. And for many people, it can easily become a trip of a lifetime. The nasty water crossings and road conditions from Gramphu to Kunzum Pass route make your heart pound like nothing else. Hence, it becomes important that you understand what to expect on this adventurous route to Spiti.
Let's quickly dive into the details:
Spiti Valley via Manali | A Complete Guide
Unlike the long, treacherous, Hindustan – Tibet Highway, the major part of the journey to Spiti Valley from Manali is covered without any trouble up to Manali which is about 570 odd km from Delhi. Still, you can check, how to plan a trip to Manali travel guide article for further details.
On the other hand, the road to Spiti Valley via Kinnaur, commonly known as Hindustan Tibet Highway, is a destination in itself. The arduous journey that runs to Spiti Valley from Kinnaur – Shimla is also termed as one of the treacherous or deadliest roads of the world. However, now in 2022, it is no longer true. The road from Shimla to Kinnaur to Kaza is mostly in good condition and even a small car can do it. While the road from Manali to Kaza is no less than an extreme adventure and it continues to be as of today as well in 2022.
Now, that you know how to travel to Manali from Delhi, let’s cover in detail in this article about planning the rest of the 200 odd km road trip to Spiti Valley from Manali to Kaza.
How many days does it take to reach Spiti Valley from Manali side?
When traveling to Spiti via Manali, you need at least two days to reach Kaza from Delhi via Manali. On Day 1, you can reach Manali, and the next day you can reach Kaza from Manali. However, if you plan to travel from Delhi over Hindustan Tibet Road to Spiti Valley, then it takes three days to reach Tabo with night stops at Narkanda and Kalpa. Hence, traveling via Manali to Spiti will take fewer days when compared to Shimla – Kalpa – Kaza route.
Generally, most first-time travelers plan a road trip to Spiti Valley as a full circuit. That is, they will enter from one side (mostly Kinnaur) and exit via the other side (mostly Manali). After making the first trip, you can always plan more trips to Spiti from either of the routes to focus on remote places in Spiti Valley.
Is there any problem if I travel to Spiti from the longer route of Kinnaur?
The problems of traveling to Spiti via Kinnaur are far less than the benefits it offers. When you travel to Spiti Valley from Shimla side, the altitude is increased gradually as compared to traveling to Spiti from Manali to Kaza side. Traveling from Shimla side helps a lot in acclimatization and reducing the chances of getting hit with AMS. It is the prime reason I do not recommend traveling to Spiti via Manali whenever it is possible.
Having said that, do not forget that the route from Kinnaur Valley to Spiti has its demerits too like long distance and arduous journey over NH05. Please note in 2022, as I updated this article, the road conditions have improved a lot on this route.
When you make a trip to Spiti via Manali, then you should surely know about its terrain, the route from Manali to Kaza, the places that come on this route, the accommodation, modes of travel, basic amenities on the route, time or season to visit, etc.
This will ensure that you have an unforgettable memory of the trip to Spiti Valley. The journey on the road to Spiti Valley via Manali can easily turn into a nightmare if planned incorrectly and can get you in trouble, stranded in the middle of nowhere. In this article of the series, “Comprehensive Travel Guide to Spiti Valley,” I will try to put down all my knowledge for traveling to this road to Spiti Valley from Manali side.
Do not forget to check the five reasons to travel to Spiti Valley from Manali side.
Best Time to Visit Spiti Valley via Manali
The only time to travel from Manali to Kaza is June to October month period. It is this period when the BRO clears the snow on Gramphu to Batal route, and both Rohtang Pass and Kunzum Pass are open. So, the best time to plan a full circuit of the Spiti Valley trip (Delhi – Kinnaur – Spiti – Manali – Delhi) is from June to September – October period only.
With the opening of the Atal Tunnel, you do not need to wait for Rohtang Pass to open but Kunzum Pass as well as the entire Gramphu to Kunzum Pass road still takes time to open due to heavy snow accumulation.
The road from Shimla to Kaza via Kinnaur remains open all around the year barring days of heavy snowfall. Hence, you can always plan a trip to Spiti from Kinnaur side in any month of the year.
The month of September is one of the best times to visit Spiti Valley from Manali or Shimla’s side. In September, the monsoon is gone from Northern India including the parts of Himachal Pradesh like Kinnaur Valley and Manali to Kaza route. The roads get dry, free from mud, and water crossings are less ferocious too.
The snowfall starts in the month of late September or October on high mountain passes like Rohtang Pass and Kunzum Pass that come on the route to Spiti Valley via Manali side. Hence, traveling on this route starts to become risky as winter starts to arrive. Late October and November are when the Manali to Kaza route seriously hibernates for the next six months, only to open in May end or June.
So, in the winter months from November to May, the road to Spiti Valley from Manali side remains closed and the only way to travel to Spiti is from Shimla – Kinnaur side in winters.
You can check my article for the details about a month-by-month season guide for making a road trip to Spiti Valley and understanding when is the best time to visit Spiti via Manali.
Modes of Travel on Road to Spiti Valley via Manali
You will have plenty of options to plan a road trip to Spiti Valley. The options start from planning the Spiti trip by public transport to renting a private taxi from Manali and covering the entire Spiti Valley. You can always plan to rent a self-drive car from Delhi to Chandigarh and make a trip to Spiti Valley. Similarly, if you are interested in making a bike trip to Spiti Valley, you do not have any restrictions.
But in the end, you should know what is the best mode of travel to make a road trip to Spiti from Manali. In this section, let us look at our options one by one in detail.
Private Vehicles i.e. Cars and Bikes | Self Drive or Bike Ride to Spiti Valley
Self-drive by car or self-ride by bike is one of the most preferred options to travel to Spiti Valley. A drive or bike ride to Spiti, especially from Manali to Kaza, is an extreme adventure in itself. Making such an adventure road trip is an idea to experience the nature challenges in their raw form in the Himalayas.
Can I take a rented or my bike or car to the Spiti Valley road trip?
Yes, you can take your own or rented, car, or bike to Spiti Valley from Manali side. Unlike Leh Ladakh, where outside Ladakh vehicles are banned for sightseeing in Ladakh, there is no such rule to ban outside Himachal vehicles in Spiti Valley.
Having said that, it is difficult to drive or ride from Manali to Kaza road, especially when you are a first-timer. You should be cautious when driving or riding through the slushy roads, snow, and water crossing, or nallas especially between Gramphu to Kunzum Pass and almost up to Losar village.
Also, it is always handy to learn little maintenance tasks of your vehicle before the start of this arduous journey to Spiti Valley from Manali. Knowing how to repair a puncture and other basic stuff to fix your car or bike will help you a lot in case of an unforeseen situation.
What is the best car for Spiti Valley road trip?
Well, there is nothing as such the best car for the Spiti Valley road trip. It all depends upon the time you are traveling and your driving skills to travel on such rough roads in the Himalayas. Still, it is always better to have a higher ground clearance vehicle, especially from Kaza to Manali road, and a 4×4 will especially help you in the water crossings.
However, I have seen hatchbacks (including Altos and Nano) and sedans traveling to Spiti Valley from Manali side as well. I have taken my sedan on these routes, and with some underbelly scratches, I was able to complete the road trip to Spiti via Manali.
Tips for a bike ride or self-drive trip from Manali to Kaza
Given below are some of the important tips for a road trip to Spiti Valley via Manali – Lahaul route.
- Whenever you are in doubt, always step out of your car, walk down the path, inspect with your foot and plan the path of exit before crossing a dangerous landslide or water crossing on your vehicle. You can also park aside and see how others are crossing the risky section to plan your route of escape.
- In deep water, crossings try to maintain the momentum without any half clutch measures and complete the entire stretch in one go only.
- Similarly, in slush stretches, do not force the issue rather keep the smooth momentum with the required speed to pass you through, without half clutch measures. Do keep an eye on the direction of the vehicle too.
- If you get stuck in slush then try to back and forth your vehicles to get out of the stuck position and use a wooden plank to get out of it.
- It is always handy to ask your fellow co-travelers to get out of the car and push the vehicle from behind, in case, the car is struggling to pass through the slush or water crossing stretch.
- DO NOT forget to help other fellow travelers in need on the route.
Essential things to carry for a self-drive to Spiti
A basic toolkit, screwdriver set, small hammer, puncture repair kit, iron rod, two or three “2 ltr” empty bottles of Pepsi / Coke / Limca, etc. to carry extra petrol or diesel (jerry cans will leak, cold drink bottles do not leak), funnel, towing rope, a spare tube (must for bikes), Elfy or Fevi quick (2-3 sachets), jump-start cables/wires, car inverter, M-seal to prevent leakage, etc. were among the few things which I carry along on my trip to Ladakh or Spiti Valley.
Also, do not forget to get your vehicle (car/bike) serviced about 2-3 weeks before the start of the trans-Himalayan journey. This will ensure that you have proper time in advance to test your serviced vehicle and get fixed any hitches that may have been introduced in that service.
Do not forget to check a 40 MUST-HAVE list of things to pack for a self-drive trip to Spiti Valley.
Hiring a Private Taxi | Taxi Number or Private Number
You can also hire a taxi from Manali or Delhi to travel on the road to Spiti Valley via Manali. It is always better to hire Xylo or Scorpio, and mostly the charges range from Rs 3800 to 4000 per day from Manali depending upon the season of travel, several days of the trip, and your bargaining skills.
It is always best to confirm from the driver if he has done the route from Manali to Kaza and when was the last time he did go on that route. Many times, drivers from Manali are good but sometimes they are majorly bogged onto local routes in Himachal Pradesh which are in no comparison to the roads of Trans-Himalayas. So, confirm twice before fixing a deal. Hence, it is best to travel to Manali and rent a taxi from a known driver who has been to Spiti Valley routes.
You can always get connected with local taxi drivers in this list of taxi drivers plying on Manali to Spiti Valley.
Further, self-drive cars available in Delhi and Chandigarh are also a great way to travel to Spiti Valley via Manali from Delhi. These self-drive cars can easily be booked from your starting location point and sometimes proves less expensive than hiring taxis.
HRTC Bus Service & Shared Taxis| Economical mode of travel
You can take the overnight Volvo buses to Manali from Delhi which are run by HRTC or HPTDC. Then daily morning HRTC buses ply buses on Kullu – Manali – Atal Tunnel – Kunzum Pass – Kaza route. Two HRTC buses run between Manali and Kaza every morning. These buses start from Manali to Kaza as soon as the road to Spiti Valley via Manali gets open in the season. Mostly in mid-June.
These buses run from Kullu to Kaza via Manali and it reaches Manali around 4.45 AM and leaves at 5.00 AM. Ticket to Kaza will cost you only about INR 300 approximately per person. So, you can easily make a budget trip to Spiti by public transport using these HRTC buses.
In between, you can also buy yourself a seat in a shared taxi that runs between various places within Spiti Valley. For example, you can cover Dhangkar Monastery, Pin Valley, Kibber/Ki, Hikkim/Komik, etc. all in shared taxis available from Tabo OR Kaza. Even shared taxis run between Losar and Kaza too.
If you are tight on budget, then to get some tips on how to save more, please refer to my article on Planning a low-budget trip to Chandratal Lake. The article will give you many ideas to save costs next time you travel from Manali to Kaza.
How to reach Spiti from Manali side?
The road to Spiti Valley from Manali side mainly has an exciting part from Manali to Kaza. Based on my experience, you can opt to plan a journey on the road to Spiti Valley via Manali in one of the following ways –
Two Day Trip to Spiti via Kaza – Manali Road
This option is the most generally followed option by many people traveling to Spiti Valley. But traveling so quickly to the high altitude of Kaza increases the chances of AMS while reaching Spiti Valley. The general breakup is like below:
- Day 1: Delhi – Manali or Solang Valley (better to halt at Solang as it will help in acclimatization which Manali does not do.)
- Day 2: Manali or Solang Valley – Atal Tunnel – Gramphu – Kunzum Pass – Kaza/Tabo (Spiti Valley)
In this case, I generally suggest that you start very early in the morning and try to reach Tabo instead of Kaza on Day 2 from Manali. Though going all the way to Tabo will mean 2 hrs more journey as compared to Kaza, being 45 odd km ahead. However, it will help you acclimatize better and combat AMS as it is 600 odd Mtrs lower than Kaza. Having said all that, if you take necessary precautions, Kaza is generally OK for the majority of people too.
Three Day Journey from Delhi to Manali to Kaza
Sometimes it is better to traverse the road to Spiti Valley over Manali – Atal Tunnel route in three days. Such a plan may help your body gets a bit more acclimatized to the high altitude of Spiti Valley within these three days. Though unlike traveling on the Hindustan Tibet highway, which provides a gradual ascend. Still, breaking the journey at Sissu/Khoksar in Lahaul or if you have more days, then maybe for a couple of days in Keylong after Manali, will be a great option to undertake on your Spiti road trip.
Anyhow, the general breakup of the journey over Manali – Kaza in three days is like below:
- Day 1: Delhi – Manali or Solang Valley (better to halt at Solang as it will help in acclimatization which Manali does not do.)
- Day 2: Manali or Solang Valley – Atal Tunnel – Sissu or Manali – Rohtang Pass – Gramphu – Khoksar / Sissu
- Day 3: Khoksar/Sissu – Gramphu – Kunzum Pass – Kaza (Spiti Valley)
This way, spending a night at Sissu or Khoksar will help you a lot in terms of acclimatization. If you have a couple of days, then go ahead and stay at Jispa for these extra days and explore around Lahaul Valley. Finally, on Day 4 make a dash to Spiti Valley over Kunzum Pass from Jispa itself or maybe end that day sleeping overnight at Chandratal instead of Kaza.
Most Common Itinerary for Spiti Valley
In the above section, you learned about how to reach Spiti from Manali side. However, it does not talk about a detailed day-by-day plan to plan such a road trip over Manali to Kaza road. I will recommend that if you are not making a circuit trip, then you can follow my itinerary of a trip to Spiti over Kaza – Manali road only.
Sightseeing on Road to Spiti Valley via Manali
Traveling over this beautiful yet adventurous road to Spiti Valley from Manali is sightseeing in itself. However, while running over it, there are some beautiful places that you can visit alongside this highway to this trans-Himalayan heaven. To name a few,
Manali, Solang Valley (a bit off track, 16 KMs), Atal Tunnel, Rohtang Pass if not going via Atal Tunnel (though I never liked it personally), and then Chandratal (a bit off track just ahead of Batal and it shall always be done while coming back from Spiti Valley).
The whole route from Gramphu to Kunzum Pass to Losar to Kaza is sightseeing in itself. The treacherous it is, the more beautiful it becomes. You will urge to get down every other turn and click pictures on this route.
List of Accommodation or Stay Options on Road to Spiti Valley via Manali
Unlike Hindustan – Tibet Highway, there isn’t much to think about accommodation when traveling to Spiti Valley via Manali. On the first day, you end up at Manali or Solang Valley which has a wide range of hotels and accommodation options.
The next day, you can either stay at Khoksar PWD Rest House or Sissu which has many stay options now. You may even reach directly to Kaza from Manali or Tabo from Manali, which again has many accommodation options available to suit most budget needs. In between, there is a PWD Resthouse at Chota Dhara and a PWD rest house at Batal. The Batal PWD rest house started in July 2013 and is located just before you enter Spiti beyond Kunzum Pass. At Batal, you can also sleep at Chandra dhabha if you are on a budget road trip to Spiti Valley.
You can also go ahead and vouch for these PWD Rest Houses on this route as well as after reaching Spiti Valley. These guest houses are comfortable and economical, but they may not suit the needs of every family. Also, you require bookings for them, and sometimes, in case of some VIP visit, they may try to push you though not in rights. However, in case you are OK with average comfort conditions and cooking/arranging your food, I will suggest staying at these. You can always refer to my article on How to Book HP PWD Rest Houses or FRHs
Acclimatization & its importance on Road to Kaza via Manali
Like Manali – Leh Highway, the journey on the road to Spiti Valley over Rohtang Pass (now Atal Tunnel) and Kunzum Pass is quite challenging, especially beyond Atal Tunnel / Rohtang Pass from Gramphu to Losar. That is why going through Hindustan – Tibet Highway is always preferred for a road trip to Spiti Valley as compared to then going via Manali – Kunzum Pass – Kaza route.
While traveling to Spiti Valley from the route through Kinnaur Valley, you give yourself a chance to properly acclimatize to the high altitudes, thereby decreasing the chances of being hit by AMS. In the return leg, you can come back to Delhi via Kaza – Kunzum Pass – Manali route to complete the entire circuit. This route helps you enjoy the whole or high altitude places of Spiti Valley including Chandratal Lake in a much better way as well.
Having said that if you cannot travel via Kinnaur then on a road trip to Spiti Valley via Manali, it is always good that you take little precautions to minimize the effects of high altitude sickness. Here are some tips which will help to acclimatize the body faster in the first few days of the trip:
- Try to sleep at Solang Valley, not Manali because Solang Valley does help in acclimatization while Manali does not do so.
- Try to reach Kaza with at least 3 night stays or cover Lahaul Valley first if you have time.
- But, if reaching on the second night then better try to reach Tabo to stay over the second night as Tabo is much lower in altitude than Kaza.
- Keep your body properly hydrated.
- Avoid sleeping at high altitudes earlier in the trip.
- Avoid overexertion.
- Avoid tobacco and smoking and alcohol and other depressant drugs.
- Keep your body warm and eat lots of carbohydrates.
- Avoid sleep during the day.
- Sleep in an upright position, if possible.
- Carry preventive medicines for AMS.
- Immediately descend towards Tabo, if symptoms increase.
For more information on Acute Mountain Sickness and all above acclimatization tips, please refer to the following link at least once Acute Mountain Sickness and Importance of Acclimatization
Fuel or Petrol Pumps on Manali – Kaza Road
You will be able to find fuel pumps only at Manali and Kaza. It is crucial not to miss to refuel at Kaza petrol pump. In case you are making a Spiti trip along with Lahaul Valley, you can also fill up petrol at the Tandi petrol pump which falls on Manali Leh Highway just before Keylong.
As per my knowledge, there are ATMs available at Manali and Kaza. Although there is an ATM at Kaza as well now, its working condition may be a question at times.
Hence, it is advised that you carry cash from Manali. I guess you should carry enough cash with you on the trans-Himalayan trip because ATMs at these limited places can run out of money or become un-operational at any day or time.
Places on Road to Spiti Valley via Manali
The places that fall on this route along with approximate distances between them go like Manali – Marhi – Atal Tunnel – Rohtang Pass – Gramphu – Chattru – Chota Dhara – Batal – Kunzum Pass – Losar – Kaza. The approximate distances along with the altitude of these places are shown in the chart below. Having the idea of the route will help you judge over the acclimatization schedule too.
Permits for Manali – Rohtang Pass Road
Since 2010, all vehicles going to Rohtang Pass from Manali side need permits which can be obtained free of cost by showing the vehicle’s RC and DL copy. You can use the Kullu Administration official website or you can also use the recently launched mobile app for the Rohtang Pass permit in 2018. You can check the entire process on how to get the Rohtang Pass permit online or using a mobile app.
Please note that all bikes, as well as cars, need to get this Rohtang Pass permit if you travel from Manali to Kaza route via Rohtang Pass.
Do I still need any permit from Atal Tunnel for Spiti Valley?
But now after the opening of the Atal Tunnel in 2020, you do not need a Rohtang Pass Permit to travel from Manali to Kaza or Spiti Valley.
However, if you are traveling from Kaza to Manali or Keylong to Manali direction and want to visit Rohtang Pass, then you should get the Rohtang Pass permit too which was not required before 2021. Hence, not a reason anymore to start your Spiti road trip from Shimla side and end the trip at Manali.
Before 2021, if you are coming from the Keylong side or Kaza side, then you did not require any permit to ply on Manali – Rohtang Pass road even if you have a non-HP registered vehicle. Rohtang Pass Permit used to be only required if you are going from Manali side towards Rohtang Pass before 2021.
However, when Atal Tunnel opened in 2020 and lot of tourists started skipping this permit. There have been news that now the barrier on Khoksar – Gramphu side do not allow the traffic to ply on Rohtang Pass if you do not have a permit.
Timings of Manali – Rohtang Pass Road
At times, especially at the start of the season when snow is cleared from Manali – Rohtang Pass road, the traffic movement at Rohtang Pass is regulated by timings. Since the ban of tourism at Rohtang Pass around 2015-16, the time regulations are not that common. Rohtang Pass permits are required to visit Manali Rohtang Pass road. In 2020, Atal Tunnel was opened for tourists and now you do not need to travel via Rohtang Pass to Spiti Valley. Hence, Rohtang Pass Permit is not needed anymore.
Don’t have time to read the full article? Check this less than 3-minute video on DevilOnWheels YouTube Channel on why you may travel Spiti Valley from Manali side. If you like my video, please do not forget to SUBSCRIBE to my YouTube channel.
Have you ever been to Spiti Valley through Shimla – Kinnaur or via Manali? If yes, please share your viewpoints, suggestions, or inputs as comments below and help other fellow travelers to plan their journey on one of the most challenging roads in India or perhaps the world. This road built on top of river bed like conditions is nothing but quite an adventure especially when you are not used to such road conditions.
Are you planning to go to Spiti Valley via Kaza – Manali or Kinnaur Valley? If yes, please feel free to ask any questions or doubts you have regarding your plan either in the comments section OR my Instagram account. I will be happy to reply and discuss them with you.
If you know your friends or family are planning a trip to Spiti Valley via Manali, do share this article with them to help them make a memorable trip.