How to prepare your car for a Ladakh or Himalayan Trip

Read, learn and share more about Traveling to various parts of the Himalayas through these travel guides and articles, in this forum.

How to prepare your car for a Ladakh or Himalayan Trip

Postby NonStopDriver » Mon Aug 04, 2014 1:15 pm

So you want to make a self-drive trip to Himalayas and want tips? Quite often I had wondered.. I keep my car well serviced. Can I take it to a long Himalayan trip – say Ladakh?

Image

Information, whatever is present on the Internet is too scattered. I’ve tried to compile everything under one umbrella so that it helps anyone planning for a self-drive to Himalayas. So here’s how you prepare your vehicle for a Himalayan sojourn.

  1. Check whether your vehicles clutch plates would work with you in tandem
    • Try to climb up a steep slope, preferably at 30-40 degree gradient in first gear without even touching the accelerator. The car should ascend by itself.
    • While fully pressing all the brakes, put the vehicle in first gear and release clutch slowly and see how early the engine stalls. Repeat the same in second gear too. An early engine stall indicates worn out clutch plates
    • Listen for any noise when you press the clutch.
    • Check for poor pick up or any grey smoke
    • If any of the above issue persist, get your clutch plates replaced.
  2. Check the filters as per change schedule
    • Change the air and oil filters if approaching end of life as suggested by vehicle manufacturer
    • Keep one air filter as spare
  3. Essential Oils
    • Check engine, brake, gear and differential oil levels
    • If it has been over 5000 kms that you have driven already with these oils, replace
    • Keep spare coolant and engine oil.
  4. Brakes
    • Check for effective braking.
    • If the remaining life of break pads is less than 10,000 kms, replace
  5. Bearings
    • Check all the bearings and replace wherever needed
    • Get greasing done for all wheels
  6. Suspension
    • Check all shock absorbers
    • Get all leaf springs tightened/overhauled
    • Check for vehicle stance after parking it on a levelled ground. Check for any tilt
  7. Battery
    • Check the impedance and specific gravity of the battery
    • Clean terminals and tighten the nuts
    • Apply petroleum jelly at the terminals
  8. Electricals
    • Check Alternator for output, clean the connectors
    • Check starter, clean the connectors
  9. Cooling system
    • Check all the hoses and hose clips. Replace if you notice any wear/tear. Ensure they’re properly tightened
    • Check coolant levels
    • Drain and replace coolant if used for over 40,000 kms
    • Top up and check for any leakages
    • Get the radiator tubes and fins washed with a high pressure water jet to clean it
  10. Belts
    • Change belts if you’ve driven over 60.000 kms or the same hasn’t been changed for over 3 years
    • Check pulley bearings and replace if necessary
  11. Injectors
    • Get the injectors cleaned in diesel/petrol if the same has not been cleaned for last 50,000 kms
  12. Tyres
    • Check tyre treads through the One Rupee Coin test - Insert the “old One Rupee Coin” between the tread and if the “Rupaiya” in Hindi is hidden, then your tread is deep enough. Else, replace the tyre
    • Use the same coin and check the tread for all tyres. If tread of all tyres are at same level, it’s fine. Else the alignment or balance of tyre may be wrong. Get it done.
    • If it has been over 3,000 kms without alignment and balancing, get it done at least 2 weeks in advance.
    • Do not travel with tyres which have less than 15,000 kms of life left.
    • Check the spare tyre, it’s condition. Get the air filled till the optimum pressure
    • Fill nitrogen, if available in place of air, at least 3 weeks in advance and keep on checking the pressure loss.
    • Keep valve caps intact
    • Check for any bent and unevenness in rims
  13. Wiper
    • Check wiper blades, replace if necessary
    • Check viper motor
    • Check wind-shield cleaner nozzles, clean if required
  14. Windshields
    • Check windshields for any cracks. If there, get it mended or replaced as appropriate
    • Check rear demistifier
  15. OVRMs.
    • Check OVRM condition and easy movement.
    • Get the bottom screw loosened a bit and apply petroleum jelly or grease
  16. Under-body.
    • Check sump and entire underbody in general for any oil leakage or oil traces
    • Blackish/light brown oil – Engine oil. Reddish – brake or clutch oils. Green/Red fluid – coolant. Pale yellowish differential/gear oils.
    • If you fine any visible traces of oil, get it rectified
    • Tighten sump nuts
    • Ensure everything under-body is tightly secured and all nuts are tightened. Nothing should be hanging.
    • If possible, get a sump guard installed
  17. Front
    • Tighten all bumper nuts
    • Tighten all nuts of the bull bar, if using
    • Check fog lamps, if used, and adjust the light beam focus
    • Check head / reverse / parking / turn indicator lamps, replace if necessary
    • Check dipper
    • Fix vertical Yellow sticker in RHS head lamp – many states require you to do that.
  18. Cabin
    • Check all gauges are fine and working
    • Check all combination switches including light, turn indicator, wipers
    • Check all pedals
    • Check all doors for any rattle noise
    • Check Handbrake
    • Check all switches on the dashboard are working fine
    • Check windows are rolling properly
    • Check all cabin lights
    • Check all security systems including door lock / gear lock / remote lock are working fine
  19. Tools and Accessories
    • Electronic air compressor
    • Spare tyre valves
    • Spare air filter
    • Coolant
    • Engine oil
    • Extra fuses
    • Extra master fuse
    • Extra halogen headlamp bulbs
    • Tubeless puncture repairing kit
    • Spare tyre
    • Spare valve
    • Tyre valve tool
    • Battery terminal jumper
    • Multitool
    • DC to AC inverter 200 watt
    • Trampoline for carrier and engine
    • Jerry can 30Ltrs for Fuel
    • Funnel
    • 10 ft pipe
    • Stock jack – get a hydraulic floor jack if possible
    • Stock tool set
    • Tow rope – preferably 5 Ton capacity
    • Fire extinguisher
    • Window breaker cum seat belt cutter
    • LED Torch – x2
    • M Seal
    • Adhesive tape – both double sided and insulation
    • Fevi-Kwick
    • Spade
    • Hammer
    • Hex Saw
    • Colin or suitable wind-shield cleaner
    • Old newspaper for wind-shield cleaning
    • Rope
    • Gunny bags / trampoline to cover the engine bay at night to keep it warm
    • Spare nuts & bolts

Also, to refer some details on Ladakh Self Drive Tips, check the thread: Leh - Ladakh Self Drive Tips

Source: Yayawar - Aawaara Kahin Ka Nahin! (Oh Yeah! That's my site, so no plagiarism involved :lol: )
Last edited by dheerajsharma14 on Fri Aug 08, 2014 9:42 am, edited 5 times in total.
Reason: Updated the Title
Spreading smiles is contagious, however, believe me, you'd love to be infected! :) -- Selfie :D

DoW Causes | DoW Tees & Stickers | Ladakh Travel Guide | DoW Maps
User avatar
NonStopDriver
Site Moderator
 
Posts: 2558
Joined: Thu Oct 24, 2013 5:33 pm
Location: Noida
Has thanked: 925 times
Been thanked: 592 times

Re: Preparing your vehicle for a Himalayan Sojourn

Postby vikrant1985 » Mon Aug 04, 2014 1:28 pm

for past one week i have been searching on this topic and yes you are right it is scattered all over internet.
Thanks for bringing it in one place :mrgreen:
Also i wanted to ask that my vehicle is just one year old even the third service is still due and has run only around 25k km and i got my vehicle serviced on around 21k, do i need to change my oil filters and clutch plates,brake pads etc ??
Last edited by vikrant1985 on Mon Aug 04, 2014 1:34 pm, edited 1 time in total.
8-) Live young, Ride Free !!! 8-)
User avatar
vikrant1985
Tripper
 
Posts: 261
Joined: Tue Jul 08, 2014 8:53 am
Location: Gurgaon
Has thanked: 10 times
Been thanked: 31 times

Re: Preparing your vehicle for a Himalayan Sojourn

Postby dheerajsharma14 » Mon Aug 04, 2014 1:30 pm

This is purely awesome piece of information, really what our DoW lacked for long time. A similar write up for preparing the bike for Himalayan trip from some of our pro bikers will eventually help too.

Thank you so much Neeraj for this effort and I am sure this is going to help tons of people.
User avatar
dheerajsharma14
Site Administrator
 
Posts: 9299
Joined: Sun Apr 21, 2013 4:05 am
Location: New Delhi
Has thanked: 62 times
Been thanked: 1815 times

Re: Preparing your vehicle for a Himalayan Sojourn

Postby NonStopDriver » Mon Aug 04, 2014 2:07 pm

vikrant1985 wrote:for past one week i have been searching on this topic and yes you are right it is scattered all over internet.
Thanks for bringing it in one place :mrgreen:
Also i wanted to ask that my vehicle is just one year old even the third service is still due and has run only around 25k km and i got my vehicle serviced on around 21k, do i need to change my oil filters and clutch plates,brake pads etc ??


Hi Vikrant,

The specifications vary manufacturer by manufacturer. Check your owner's manual to get an idea when these should be changed (though in my opinion, the clutch wouldn't need any change unless it has been used brashly) and then ascertain whether it would be time to change them sometime during next 5k kms. If yes, please get them changed.

Air filter specifically is something which needs to be changed as ladakh is dust-prone.
Spreading smiles is contagious, however, believe me, you'd love to be infected! :) -- Selfie :D

DoW Causes | DoW Tees & Stickers | Ladakh Travel Guide | DoW Maps
User avatar
NonStopDriver
Site Moderator
 
Posts: 2558
Joined: Thu Oct 24, 2013 5:33 pm
Location: Noida
Has thanked: 925 times
Been thanked: 592 times

Re: Preparing your vehicle for a Ladakh or Himalayan Sojourn

Postby EjazMasud » Mon Aug 04, 2014 11:08 pm

This is damn good information. Thanks for the great work!!
User avatar
EjazMasud
 
Posts: 1
Joined: Mon Jul 14, 2014 8:51 pm
Location: Ghaziabad
Has thanked: 3 times
Been thanked: 0 time

Re: Preparing your vehicle for a Ladakh or Himalayan Sojourn

Postby amtesh » Tue Aug 05, 2014 9:17 am

great information
amtesh
Rookie
 
Posts: 77
Joined: Fri Jun 20, 2014 2:55 pm
Location: delhi
Has thanked: 5 times
Been thanked: 2 times

Re: Preparing your vehicle for a Ladakh or Himalayan Sojourn

Postby aashish2137 » Tue Aug 05, 2014 12:15 pm

Terrific information. Thanks chief, this will go a long long way in helping fellow travelers.
Thank us by thanking yourself.
Participate with us on our ideas: Responsible Traveling | DoW Causes | Ladakh travel guide | DoW Calendar V2.0
User avatar
aashish2137
Explorer
 
Posts: 2942
Joined: Sat Jun 01, 2013 9:35 pm
Location: Noida
Has thanked: 8 times
Been thanked: 617 times

Re: Preparing your vehicle for a Ladakh or Himalayan Sojourn

Postby dheerajsharma14 » Tue Aug 05, 2014 1:35 pm

Bhai log, guess we should request an avid biker too for creating such an article for preparing the bikes too here at DoW and all other can start contributing to it.
User avatar
dheerajsharma14
Site Administrator
 
Posts: 9299
Joined: Sun Apr 21, 2013 4:05 am
Location: New Delhi
Has thanked: 62 times
Been thanked: 1815 times

Re: Preparing your vehicle for a Ladakh or Himalayan Sojourn

Postby dheerajsharma14 » Tue Aug 05, 2014 5:10 pm

Also, to refer some details on Ladakh Self Drive Tips, check the thread: Leh - Ladakh Self Drive Tips
User avatar
dheerajsharma14
Site Administrator
 
Posts: 9299
Joined: Sun Apr 21, 2013 4:05 am
Location: New Delhi
Has thanked: 62 times
Been thanked: 1815 times

Re: How to prepare your car for a Ladakh or Himalayan Trip

Postby PreetKamal » Fri Aug 08, 2014 3:19 pm

Bingo,What else you can want for preparing your car for trans himalayas....

Great job Sir g........ :) :ugeek:
Mountain Rides Always Calm Down the Unsettled seas of our soul , and Help Us emerge a much happier, calmer and sorted human being
PreetKamal
DoW Core Team
 
Posts: 687
Joined: Sat Jul 05, 2014 11:24 pm
Location: Ambala City
Has thanked: 11 times
Been thanked: 175 times

Next

Return to Travel Guides & Articles

Who is online

Users browsing this forum: No registered users and 1 guest

About us

DoW - Himalayan Travel Community & Forums is a Non-Profit & Non-Commercial community, completely dedicated to Himalayas where like minded lovers of Himalayas from various parts of the world can collaborate to share their Himalayan knowledge and experiences with each other.

The Vision of our community is to help the people from Himalayas grow in their own sense and space by promoting more causes, culture, dreams, people, homes and lives from Himalayas!! To make it simple, to do something or the other that benefits lives of Himalayan people and Himalayas!! Feel free to take out few minutes of your time and read about supported by us.